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    Introduction

    Cancer of the testicles, also known as testicular cancer, is one of the less common cancers. It usually affects younger men between the ages of 15 and 49.

    The most common symptom is a painless lump or swelling in the testicles. Other symptoms can include:

    • a dull ache in the scrotum (the sac of skin that hangs underneath the penis and contains the testicles)
    • a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum

    Men should check their testicles every month for any unusual lumps.

    Causes of Testicular Cancer

    The cause or causes of testicular cancer are unknown, but a number of things have been identified that increase the chance of developing the condition. These include:

    • having a family history of testicular cancer
    • being born with undescended testicles (cryptorchidism). About 3 – 5% of boys are born with their testicles located inside their abdomen, which usually descend into the scrotum during the first four months of life